One effective way to teach a young child to read is by using a to-with-by method. First you want to read to your child. Next you want to read the same book with your child. The final step is for this book to be read by your child.
Start by reading short books with simple themes, read it often enough that the child can memorize it. Books with only one or two small sentences per page are the most effective. Also choose a book that has pictures that match the text. The point is to read to the child often enough in order for them to memorize the text. It may help to keep a good reading schedule. Try picking a time of day that works for you. At that time, read books that the preschooler is familiar with.
Next, read with the child. Let the preschooler chime in with you while you read. Be sure to point to each word, or have the child point. This will help them memorize the words by sight, and build a sight list vocabulary. Sight words can be taught quickly and learned with ease using this method. Once your child can practically recite the book from beginning to end, it is time to move onto the final part of learning.
The final part is for the reading to be done by the child. Using a positive and encouraging tone, have the preschooler read to you. During each page, listen to the child recite what they remember. Allow them to turn the page when they have completed telling you about it.
Avoid letting the situation escalate to the point in which the child feels frustrated, bored, or incapable of completing the task. If you notice the child is annoyed at any point, take a break. Put the book aside, and use words of encouragement to focus on their accomplishments thus far. To provide some variety, encourage the child to show off their new learned skill to others.
This method will teach children to learn the whole word and delight in their ability to read. Before you know it, the child will be reading with pride.
About the Author: Brianna Kelly has over 5 years experience publishing articles on childcare education and parenting. She writes on a regular basis for a childcare provider based in Dublin, Ireland.